cynodon dactylon australia

Kingdom: Plantae. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (192). Poaceae . 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … 1991). Continental dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland. The majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. All rights reserved. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Copyright © 2016. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. Queensland: Rhizomes present, elongated. with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. ascending, 8–40 cm tall, 0.5–1 mm diam. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. A valuable pasture grass, a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments. var. Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species. dactylon in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au Extensively Victoria: It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. It is also ranked among the top 100 of the most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, though this listing refers only to exotic cultivars. dactylon | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Cynodon dactylon, disebut juga rumput bermuda, rumput Bahama, doab, dubo, dhoob, adalah rumput yang tumbuh di belahan bumi Timur. of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. variety: Cynodon dactylon var. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). dactylon, var. Leaf-blade To date, Cynodon taxonomy … To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. pulchellus), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Family. Palea 2 -nerved. 281 as var. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. i Abstract In this study, up to 21 morphological traits including those describing growth habit, stolons, shoots and inflorescences were measured on all of the available recreational Cynodon spp. Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. South. Note: Another variety of this species, known as Cynondon dactylon var. Culms geniculately Flower colour; life form. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. Culms slender, 10-40 cm tall. For example, it is reported to invade wetlands and river edges in the southern parts of Western Australia. J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. chiendent pied-de-poule. Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora Cynodon Rich. Habit. dactylon, Spikes less than 3 cm In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. dactylon L., Sp. Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 (Fig 53A-D as var. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). pulchellus. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Licence. Chloridoideae. Pl. var. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. Grasses S.E.Asia (57), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed)., Flora of (couch grass, Bermuda grass) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem. Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Cynodon dactylon. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. 1,894 results for VARIETY: Cynodon dactylon var. possibly pre-European) introduction. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Common Name Greencouch Other Names Swamp Couch, Common Couch pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. The leaf blade is flattened with a … Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. 28. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Medically Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. ... Cynodon dactylon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Leaves Cynodon dactyloC. Western Australia 1 Gramineae (216), [1980] M.Lazarides, Tropical These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. C. hirsutus also has Cynodon dactyloC. ... Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. Type of Basionym or Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. If closely mow dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. dactylon Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, Drummond, Warren.Northern Territory: Darwin & Gulf, A common plant in all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia. Fig. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile Syn. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily 64), [1983] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, Grasses Also present on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos Islands and the Coral Sea Islands (where it is regarded as being native or a very early introduction). One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Couch grass; Bermuda grass. The genus comprises diploid and polyploid species and subspecies that belong to the Chloridoideae subfamily of the Poaceae family (Peterson et al., 2010, Wu, 2011). pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm Upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, (Kaapro, 1999b). colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy Common name(s) Bermuda grass, carpet grass, couch grass . in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Central Australia (466), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Also present on Lord … The variety is licenced by Cervadon Ltd . Latin name. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. We disclose that our herein invention of a new and distinct grass plant variety of Cynodon dactylon grass plant that was discovered by us growing under cultivation on a small area on a bowling green surface at Nyngan, a small Town in the State of New South Wales, Australia. 1: 58 (1753). the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. 280 as var. Queensland, New South Notes. Glumes. Cynodon dactylon was collected in Australia by Robert Brown during the period 1802-1805 (Brown 1810)..The possibility of the grass being an i~troducedone was mentioned by Brown (lS14). long. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. Photograph by Harry Rose. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils Ligule a fringed membrane or a fringe Gregory South. manienie. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. endemic. dactylon), [2006] There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon motie molulu. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. Capriola dactylon (L.) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Glumes shorter than the single floret. Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated. Plant species. Replacement Name:  Panicum Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. Classification. dactylon Catalogue number:CANB 837035.1 State: South Australia Locality: Yorke Peninsula (DC) AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. long with spikelets to 2.5 mm long                  C. dactylon var. Numerous cultivars Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. dactylon (L.) Pers. ), Flora of Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Inflorescence. Cynodon dactylon. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Key references Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. Infra-specific taxa: var. var. Kingdom: Plantae. Tasmania: Furneaux Group, North dactylon) are native to the northern parts of Australia, while it has become naturalised in the southern regions of the country. 58 (1753). Stolons present. of Southern Queensland (174), [1984] stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. The culms take root at the lower nodes. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. dactylon. similar, thinner than fertile lemma. and Schult. Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. 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