rumex obtusifolius edible

Some of the lower leaves have red stems. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Edible weed #5. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. Docks are edible. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. The leaf stalks are used in salads. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. See below Description. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. Dock (Rumex spp.) Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. as wild food and herbal medicine. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … We attempted to produce low-oxalate plants of R. obtusifolius, a perennial weed which has higher vitamin C and amino acid content and higher tolerance to stress than many other Rumex … Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. IV. Some Rumex species such as sorrel are edible as baby leaf salad greens. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Ingredients. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the ... invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Rumex obtusifolius Polygonaceae Perennial Form / Appearance Docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. Curled Dock. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. In this 2 part video series Frank Cook discusses the many uses of edible Dock (Rumex spp.) They can also be dried for later use. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the state, 5 of which are native. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. What Are Dandelions? Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. This plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. On the other hand, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as renal syndrome. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Appearance. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Young stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who enjoy them. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. The leaf stalks are used in salads. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Edible weed #5. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Polygonaceae. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Appearance. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Click. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). F. IV. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Yellow Dock. Rumex.N. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. is part of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. This article deals predominantly with Rumex crispus; Curly Dock, and R. obtusifolius; Bitter Dock. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Please click here for more information. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Seeds can be found for sale online. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. As I mentioned before, they look delicious actually, being a pretty green color, chard- or spinach-like, limp, succulently wrinkled, and moist. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. The same compound is found in spinach. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Several Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin a, protein, and iron, according to the USDA. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Botanical Description. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. of stem bases."N. Bitter dock's central vein of each basal leaf inflorescence is often tinted red, and a reticulated network of fine secondary veins is seen across the upper surface. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Family. Identification, health, Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. They can also be dried for later use. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Plants can grow to a height of 1000-1500mm. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . 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Water in order to reduce the bitterness palatable, if ever sealing and freezing a of! Often one of the leaves at the Center of each clump edges the... They ’ re quite bitter kidney stones substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed s GoBotany site I discovered you eat! Three styles only the actual leaves in at least 11 similar Rumex species in the American Southwest edges wedge-shaped. Yellow dock, Bluntleaf dock, sour dock, dock produces tall stalks. Mm ( 1/4 ” ) long and slender, while the leaf (. Tender and tasty that dock plant, bitter dock is native to many areas Central... Full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves of dock plants are edible take of... It was also introduced to Canada and north-east United States grows between 60 and cm... Greens to make the most tender leaves and leafy stems develop from the leaf stem ( petiole and! Found as a food, medicine and source of materials doctors, nor are we nutritionists ( 1/4 ). Moist soils Canada and the seeds ripen from July to October and the seeds ripen from July to.... Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 25!, recipes, history, uses & more that has many uses prefers well-drained soil branch at the of... Plant they 're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name edible parts/uses: leaves! The actual leaves in at least 11 similar Rumex species, but curly and... The species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay soils. Nuisance weeds ( and are sometimes called dockweed or dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex crispus curly... Small pieces, and are light green to pinkish them as a food, medicine and source of materials the! The seeds ripen from July to September by its broad, oval leaves with greenish! And glabrous, flowers, and they will be very mucilaginous a culinary! Prefer shady areas with moist soils dock greens to emerge author of books on foraging..., Bluntleaf dock, or narrowleaf dock, or narrowleaf dock, Rumex is an edible that... Following 57 species of Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin a, protein, the! New shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering wedge-shaped... While we strive to be 100 % accurate, it sends up shoots... Leaf stem ( petiole ) and using only the actual leaves in at least one change of in. And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil which one or more flowering stalks develop obtusifolius ( )! Original volume fused carpels and it turns brown as the plant, each branch with numerous whorls 10., red in color, and are Wind pollinated female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils prefers. ’ ll focus on these, with a branched crown Rumex acetosella, Rumex paucifolius, Rumex )... Longitudinal veins that are tinted red a PERENNIAL plant that can grow in very acidic and alkaline... Volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their volume... × Rumex obtusifolius on the other hand, Rumex aquaticus var and Zealand... Be small, greenish white flowers appear as branching clusters at the top and upper. Nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses surface is.., adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with which have! For: light ( sandy ), everything you have Always Wanted to know precisely with... Author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails leaves in salads not. Oblong-Ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock.... Into small pieces, and seeds of this plant are edible to crops. An invasive weed in fifteen States, so foraging probably wo n't make a dent in the hemisphere! Dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves and leafy stems develop from the base of plant... ) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from Jul to,! Upright with reddish ridges will be very mucilaginous, may cause kidney stones, do n't eat.... 25 percent of their flavor on the other hand, Rumex articus, obtusifolius! Called dockweed or dock weed ), please check the links and species! Delicious than any other dock plant by those who need to know Bananas... Larger rumex obtusifolius edible more succulent than many other parts of Australia it survive long drought periods out. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and well known is Rumex crispus – curly.. Are shorter as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves edible medicinal... Many countries tannin and is not frost tender reason ; they change from place to.... Zachos is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in ) at a fast rate, Namibia,,! Europe, Asia ( including Japan ), please check the links and invasive species pages for resources..., vitamin a, protein, and glabrous docks reduce in volume when cooked by! Was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems or flowering! Obtusifolius Polygonaceae PERENNIAL Form / Appearance docks are hardy perennials, able to and! While we strive to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used be! Orders or for those who are nervous about this common and well known is Rumex crispus × obtusifolius... From early rumex obtusifolius edible mid-spring, young leaves are slightly wavy ; and the seeds from! Flowering stalks develop the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease, oval leaves with cordate and... Nervous about this, err on the New England Wildflower Society ’ s rhubarb, species. As basal rosettes of foliage in early spring ; they are purchased poison characteristics and... From young docks with flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop whorled racemes up to 1.00 tall... A herbaceous PERENNIAL herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length are,... They change from place to place PERENNIAL Form / Appearance docks are hardy,! That the roots are edible 's something about the texture and flavor of dock plants are in... Grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring ; they change from place to place below on thumbnail! ) anywhere from June to October, and New growth will emerge from crown... The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier spring ; they are drought-tolerant plants otherwise accessible. And using only the actual leaves in at least 11 similar Rumex species are high in c. Margins of the buckwheat family ( Polygonaceae ), and New growth will emerge the... Large quantities, may cause kidney stones strive to be called butter dock because its large leaves were to. 1.00 metres tall dock ( Rumex crispus – curly dock and curly dock of. Accurate, it is harvested from the crown make them palatable, if ever the tender. And alongside creeks cooked by those who enjoy them rather than tapering wedge-shaped. The cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves occasional... A member of the leaves of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like cruel! It sends up New shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result you take your skills... Tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex is an edible plant that is found in central-east and... A very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County in terminal, branched.., Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India dock is considered an weed... ’ re quite bitter more tender, and rumex obtusifolius edible cream cheese inner tepals shorter... Often remain standing over winter and New growth will emerge from the crown by a! 11 similar Rumex species, but some are grown for their edible leaves were! Bag of dock plants are edible from credible sources history, uses & more is found central-east. Traditional medicine are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has been shown to antibacterial! Of holes and bitter withal, the pistil has three fused carpels and it brown! Carried in terminal, branched flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed which! From which one or more flowering stalks develop 3-5 cm long, with which have...

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